Asylum Protection - Rights - Obligations - Decisions - Applications

International Protection WHAT IS IT?

International protection is, according to the law, the refugee status (that is granting asylum) and the subsidiary protection status.
 
Asylum and subsidiary protection are two quite similar statuses, and are included in the single term “international protection status”, which means that a person enjoys protection from the international community / another state because his/her own country cannot or is not willing to protect him/her (that is, to safeguard his/her fundamental human rights).

Refugee Status

The requirements for granting asylum are based on the Geneva Convention of 1951, relating to the Status of Refugees. An application for asylum can be made by someone who has fled his/her country and cannot return to it owing to a well-founded fear that he/she will be persecuted for reasons of:
 
-race
-religion
-nationality
-membership of a particular social group
-political opinion
 
In order to grant asylum to a claimant, he/she must meet at least one of the aforementioned requirements.
 
Granting asylum is not a philanthropic act but an obligation of our country pursuant to the international conventions and Greek law.

SUBSIDIARY PROTECTION

The requirements for granting subsidiary protection are based on national and European law. The subsidiary protection status is granted to people who are in danger of serious harm in their country of origin.

Serious harm, according to the law, consists of the following:

a) death penalty or execution

b) torture, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment,

c) serious and individual threat to a civilian’s life or person by reason of indiscriminate violence in situations of international or internal armed conflict.

Procedure in Greece

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Specific Cases

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Rights And Obligations Asylum Seekers

Rights

Obligations

Not to be deported until the examination of your application is completed.

To move freely throughout the country, unless specific areas of the country
where you may move freely are determined on the card that you are provided
with.

To seek accomodation to be hosted in a Reception Center or other facility.

To work under the conditions set by Greek law.

To have the same rights and obligations, regarding social security, as any
Greek citizen.

To receive hospital, medical and pharmaceutical treatment free of charge,
provided that you are uninsured and indigent.

To access to the public educational system free of charge (and your children).

To access vocational training.

To receive a disability allowance, provided that your housing in a Reception
Center is not possible, (if you are a disabled person with a disability percentage
of 67% and above).

To remain in Greece until the examination of your application is completed.

To cooperate with the Greek authorities regarding any issue related to your application and the verification of your personal data.

To go in person to the Asylum Service in order to renew your card before it expires and, at the latest, on the next business day after its expiry date.

To inform immediately the Asylum Service regarding the address of your residence and your contact information and any change in them.

To abide by the deadlines as these are determined throughout the different stages of the procedure of examination of your application.

To disclose your true financial situation in the event you receive social benefits from the Greek state.

To comply with the obligations that apply in the event you are housed in a Reception Center or other facility.

Not to travel outside Greece.

Not to reunify with your family from your country of origin to Greece.

REFUGEE AND SUBSIDIARY PROTECTION

Access to education, healthcare, labor market and social security.

You receive a residence permit for three years.

Travel documents to travel abroad (except your country of origin if you have the refugee status).

To access to the public educational system free of charge (and your children).

To receive hospital, medical and pharmaceutical treatment free of charge, provided that you are uninsured and indigent.

To work under the conditions set by Greek law. Same rights and obligations regarding social security, as any Greek citizen.

To Access to vocational training.